Buddhism 101

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Buddhism 101

Category : Spirituality

(1) Samasara

The cycle of life and death


(2) Karma


Action or work 

Seed in the mind come to fruition either in this life or subsequent rebirth

(3) Rebirth


The Continuation of a dynamic , ever changing process of “dependent arising ” determined by the laws of cause and effect rather than that of one being, transmigrating or incarnating from one  existence to the next


(4) Four Nobel Truth 


the truth of dukkha 

the truth of origin of dukkha

the truth of the cessation of dukkha

the truth of the path leading to the cessation of dukkha


(5) Nobel Eight Fold Path


Right View

Viewing Reality as it Is, not just as appear to be

Right Intention

Intention of renunciation, freedom and harmlessness

Right speech

speaking in a truthful and non-hurtful way

Right action

Acting in a non-hurtful way

Right Livelihood

A non-harmful livelihood

Right effort

Making an effort to improve

Right mindfulness

Awareness to see things for what they are with the Consciousness; being aware of the present reality within oneself without any craving or aversion

Right Concentration

Correct meditation or concentration

(6) Middle Way


the practice of non-extremism ; A path of moderation away from the extreme of self-indulgence and self-mortification; Another term for Emptiness


(7) Nature of Existence


There are three masks of Existence, impermance, suffering and not-self 


Impermance (anicca) 


All things and experiences are inconstant, unsteady, and impermanent. Since nothing lasts, there is no inherentor fixed nature to any object or experience 

Because things are impermanent attachment to them is futile and leads to suffering

Suffering (dukkha)


Although the term is often translated as “suffering” its philosophical meaning is more “disquietude” as in condition of being disturbed. As such, suffering is too narrow a translation with negative emotional connotations that can give the impression that Buddhism is pessimistic, but Buddhism seeks to be neither pessimistic nor optimistic but realistic.

Not-self

No phenomenon is really “I” or “mine”; Her concepts are in fact constructed by mind. Buddha reject both metaphysics assertions “I have self” and “I have no self”.


(8) Emptiness


the most conflict interpretation ever

three main characteristics; no-self , no-conception and spaciousness.

Example with three elements, In every situation, there will always be 3 elements

(1) You, yourself and your views  or thoughts

(2) another person, and his or her views or thoughts

(3) the entire event itself


In the event of boss yelling at you;


“No-self” means that your boss doesn’t have any self-nature, no nature of his own; no nature coming from his own side, no nature that he was born with of being a screaming unpleasant person. If he did have any nature like this his wife would find him unpleasant but she doesn’t. So “no-self” means that whatever you see in him is coming from you not form him. It doesn’t mean he doesn’t exist somehow or that it would somehow be useful to pretend he’s not quite there.

the “No-Conception” part mean that you stop thinking about him the wrong way; stop conceiving

of him as being something that is bad from his own side and start thinking him as an empty screen; one that is filled with a hit movie for his wife and one that is a horror movie for you. And the projector is of course your own mind driven  by the electricity called “imprints from what you have done same thing to others in the past. ” Again the point is not at all that it would be any help not to think anything, not to judge anything as being good or bad, not to attach to any of your feeling or emotion; Remember the entire event and how you see yourself and

others, how your boss see to you and others ( three elements) is certainly real. Real people will get hurt, real company will suffer, real boss will blow your next holiday bonus, But not for the reason you used to think caused them. It is all coming from things you did before.

You will be spacious if you follow above two. when you are spacious instead of fear or goad at those moments, you have gratitude. You appreciate the given moment without needing to hold or control indefinitely. You relate to these moments with trust

instead of fear, with openness instead of greed, with letting go instead of holding.

(9) Three Jewels


the Buddha

the Dharma

the Sangha


(10) Buddhist ethics

1. To refrain from taking life

2. To refrain from taking that is not given

3. To refrain from sensual or sexual misconduct

4. To refrain from lying

5. To refrain from intoxicants 

6. To refrain from eating at the wrong time

7. To refrain from dancing, playing music, wearing jewlery, attending shows and performance

8. To refrain from the use of garlands, perfumes, ointments and from things that tend to beautify and adorn

9. To refrain from using high or luxurious seats or bedding

10. To refrain from accepting gold and silver and money


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